Tampere University of Technology (TUT, TTY-säätiö sr) conducts scientific research in technology and architecture and provides the highest education within these fields. Since 2010 it has operated in the form of a foundation. At TUT, there are about 9,000 under- and post-graduate students, incl. 1300 international students, and over 160 professors. TUT is a research intensive university focusing on research that applies science and technology to problems of human need, social advancement, and economic development. TUT is a pioneer in technology transfer and an acknowledged cooperation partner among the scientific and business community. For nearly 30 years, TUT has been a shareholder of a company specialized in technology transfer and open innovation promotion. Since 1968, TUT has been granted nearly 1500 patents of which about 1000 are still valid. In the period 2010-2015, 230 inventions have been transferred to companies.